Baking soda and vinegar science experiments are always a huge hit with my preschoolers. No matter how many times we make a volcano erupt, they keep begging to do it again and again. Snow Volcano Winter Science Activities for Preschoolers are a great way to take advantage of the snowy weather and take science learning outdoors!
Don’t get me wrong, we love playing outside in the snow, making snowmen, throwing snowballs, and creating snow angels, but every once in a while we like to mix it up and find a new and exciting activity to do!
Baking Soda and Vinegar Experiments For Preschoolers:
Vinegar and baking soda science experiments for kids are not only super fun to watch, but can be used to introduce a variety of science concepts to children.
Snow Volcano Activity for Kids
This snow volcano science experiment is a wonderful way to introduce chemical reactions.
Creating volcanic eruptions with baking soda and vinegar can be a good experiment for a solid, liquid, and gas unit.
Simple science experiments like this cool winter science experiment are also great ways to teach about the scientific method and about science experiment safety!
How To Make A Snow Volcano:
Supplies You Need:
- Dish Soap
- Baking Soda (Bicarbonate of Soda)
- Red Food Coloring, Orange Food Coloring (or a color of your choice)
- Cup or Plastic Bottle
- Squeeze Bottle
A Step-by-Step Guide On How to Make a Snow Volcano For Kids:
Instructions for the Snow Volcano:
Make a Cone:
Use your scoop or a small shovel to create a pile of snow. Form the snow into a volcano shape using your hands.
Scoop out the middle and place your cup inside the center of the volcano.
Repack the snow around the cup and fix your volcano shape if necessary.
How to Make a Volcano Erupt (With Baking Soda & Vinegar):
Put 2-3 tablespoons of baking soda into the cup. Add 1 teaspoon of dish soap and a few drops of food coloring to the baking soda.
Using the squeeze bottle, pour vinegar into the cup. Watch as the mixture begins to react and overflow causing a snow volcanic eruption to mimic a real volcano!
Continue to add vinegar to create new bubbles and watch your volcano erupt over and over again! Enjoy the fact that the mess is outside!
What did you observe in the volcano experiment?
The baking soda (bicarbonate of soda) and vinegar reaction inside of the volcano causes a chemical reaction and the ‘magma’ from inside the volcano explodes from the top of the snow volcano.
Children can watch the lava flow down the volcano and follow the path that the lava makes down the ridges and valleys of the volcano.
Using red food coloring or orange food coloring in the white vinegar makes the reaction more visible against the white snow.
What will children learn from this snow volcano experiment?
The Science Behind the Volcano Eruption Experiment
According to Britannica Kids
“Mixing baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar (acetic acid) causes a chemical reaction that produces a salt (sodium acetate) and water, as well as carbon dioxide gas.”Britannica Kids
FAQs About Snow Volcano Experiments (Frequently Asked Questions)
What is a good hypothesis for a volcano project?
Every science experiment starts with a hypothesis. A hypothesis is a statement that can be proved or disproved. It is typically used in quantitative research and predicts the relationship between variables.
“Combining baking soda and vinegar with cause a reaction that looks like a volcanic eruption.
How do you make a volcano erupt without vinegar?
You can use another acidic liquid instead of vinegar to create a similar reaction, such as lemon juice or orange juice.
Can you make a volcano with lemon juice?
Yes, you can replace the vinegar in this experiment with lemon juice to create a similar reaction. Results will vary based on the strength and quantity of the lemon juice.
Other Ideas For Your Baking Soda Volcano Science Activity:
- Don’t currently have any snow where you live? Try this fun play dough volcano!
- If it’s too cold outside, bring snow inside and use a shallow clear bin or craft tray to create your volcano inside.
- Research and look at pictures of different types of volcanoes (shield, cinder cone, composite, lava dome) and have your child create the four different shapes in the snow.
- Take pictures of the experiment and create a scrapbook page or science journal page about your experiment.
- Use a small beaker and a balloon when you do a baking soda and vinegar activity for preschoolers to show how the carbon dioxide will blow up the balloon.
- Try this fun apple volcano science experiment!
More Reaction Activities Kids Love!
If your kids enjoy watching the affects of the snow volcano experiment, they will love our other reaction experiments!
- Rainbow Soda and Mentos Science Project for Kids
- Soda and Pop Rocks Reactions
- Fizzing Ice Science Experiment
- Fizzy Hearts Valentine’s Day Science Experiment
- Baking Soda and Vinegar Easter Eggs Science Experiments
Did you enjoy this snow volcano activity? Pin it to save for later!
Included in the Winter Math and Literacy Pack:
- 2 Sets of Number Mats (empty ten-frame, filled ten-frame)
- Beginning Sound Match Up
- 4 Sets of Clip Cards (color, ten-frame, array, shape)
- Winter and Summer Clothing Sort
- Class Set of Ten-Frame BINGO
- 2 Graphing Dice Games
- 2 Spinner Graphing Games
- Line Tracing Cards
- Line-Up Puzzles for Counting to 5 & 10
- 4 Matching Games (picture, number, alphabet, rhyme)
- Missing Number Cards
- 3 Levels of AB Patterns
- Winter Play Dough Mats
- 2 Sets of Counting to 10 Puzzles (array, ten-frame)
- Roll and Count Mats
- 2 Sets of Sorting Activities (shapes and big/small)
- 5 Spin & Cover Games (1-5, 6-10, shape, picture)
- 4 Sets of Tracing Cards (uppercase, lowercase, number, shape)
- Visual Discernment Clip Cards
- Trace, Write & Draw the Room
- Ten-Frame Cards